Main Categories

Categories: Electrical
Origin: CSA
Close date: Jul 16, 2021
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This part of IEC 60871 is applicable to both capacitor units and capacitor banks intended to be used, particularly, for power-factor correction of a.c. power systems having a rated voltage above 1 000 V and frequencies of 15 Hz to 60 Hz.

This part of IEC 60871 also applies to capacitors intended for use in power filter circuits. Additional definitions, requirements and tests for filter capacitors are given in Annex B.

Additional requirements for capacitors protected by internal fuses as well as requirements for the internal fuses are given in IEC 60871-4.

Requirements for capacitors to be protected by external fuses, as well as requirements for the same, are given in Annex C.

This standard does not apply to capacitors of the self-healing metallized dielectric type.

The following capacitors are excluded from this part of IEC 60871:

- capacitors for inductive heat-generating plants operating at frequencies between 40 Hz and 24 000 Hz (IEC 60110-1);
- series capacitors for power systems (see the IEC 60143 series);
- capacitors for motor applications and the like (see the IEC 60252 series);
- coupling capacitors and capacitor dividers (IEC 60358);
- shunt capacitors for a.c. power systems having rated voltage up to and including 1 000 V (see the IEC 60831and IEC 60931 series);
- small a.c. capacitors to be used for fluorescent and discharge lamps (IEC 61048 and IEC 61049);
- capacitors to be used in power electronic circuits (IEC 61071);
- capacitors for microwave ovens (IEC 61270-1);
- capacitors for suppression of radio interference;
- capacitors intended for use with d.c. voltage superimposed on a.c. voltage.

Accessories such as insulators, switches, instrument transformers, external fuses, etc. are in accordance with the relevant IEC standards.

The object of this part of IEC 60871 is as follows:

a) to formulate uniform rules regarding the performance and rating of units and banks, and the testing of units ;
b) to formulate specific safety rules;
c) to provide a guide for installation and operation.

Categories: Electrical
Origin: CSA
Close date: Jul 16, 2021
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This technical specification applies to capacitors according to IEC 60871-1 and gives the requirements for overvoltage cycling and ageing tests of these capacitors.

Categories: Natural Resources
Origin: CSA
Close date: Jul 17, 2021
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This Standard describes a method for the quantification of the aliphatic (R–OH), phenolic (Ph–OH) and carboxylic acid (R–COOH) hydroxyl groups present in lignin. Phenolic hydroxyl groups include: syringyl (S), guaiacyl (G), p-hydroxyphenyl (H) units and condensed phenolics incorporating β-5, 4-O-5’ and 5-5’ inter-unit linkages.

The procedure utilizes derivatization with a phosphorus-containing reagent followed by 31P NMR analysis.

This procedure is applicable to dry solid lignins (for example in powdered form) isolated from the pulping processes in their acid form, and that are completely soluble in the NMR solvent mixture, otherwise data represent only the structure of the soluble portion of lignin.

It does not apply to raw black liquor, wet lignin, nor lignin with a high ash or carbohydrate content to the extent that these affect lignin solubility in the selected solvent system.

Origin: CSA
Close date: Jul 17, 2021
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1.1 Scope of the B1800 compendium

This Standard covers thermoplastic nonpressure piping, including

a) drain, waste, and vent pipe and pipe fittings;
b) sewer and storm pipe and pipe fittings; and
c) accessories such as factory-assembled expansion joints, closet flanges, backwater valves, and cleanouts.

Note: This Standard does not specify requirements for venting of combustion gases. In Canada, ULC S636 specifies testing and marking requirements for pipe, fittings, and accessories intended for venting of combustion gases. In the United States, UL 1738 specifies testing and marking requirements for pipe, fittings, and accessories intended for venting of combustion gases.

1.2 Scope of this Standard
This Standard specifies general requirements for compounds and for manufactured pipe and pipe fittings, the relevant test methods, and marking requirements.

1.3 Intent of this Standard
This Standard is intended to be used in conjunction with one of the other Standards in the CSA B181 or CSA B182 series to form a complete Standard for a particular product.

1.4 Terminology
In this Standard, shall is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; should is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and may is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CSA B181.1:21 - Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) drain, waste, and vent pipe and pipe fittings

Scope

1.1 General
This Standard specifies requirements for acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) drain, waste, and vent (DWV) pipe, pipe fittings, and accessories such as factory-assembled expansion joints, closet flanges, and backwater valves.

Notes:
1) Recommended installation practices for ABS-DWV pipe are specified in Annex A. Use of these recommended practices can help to ensure proper installation and optimum service life.
2) The maximum pressure used to test DWV installations should be 100 kPa (see Clause A.5.2).
3) This Standard does not specify requirements for venting of combustion gases. In Canada, ULC S636 specifies testing and marking requirements for pipe, fittings and accessories intended for venting of combustion gases. In the United States, UL 1738 specifies testing and marking requirements for pipe, fittings, and accessories intended for venting of combustion gases.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CSA B181.2:21 - Polyvinylchloride (PVC) and chlorinated polyvinylchloride (CPVC) drain, waste, and vent pipe and pipe fittings

Scope

1.1 General
This Standard specifies requirements for polyvinylchloride (PVC) and chlorinated polyvinylchloride (CPVC) drain, waste, and vent (DWV) pipe, pipe fittings, and accessories such as factory-assembled expansion joints, closet flanges, backwater valves, and fire-stop fittings*.

* The fire stop is for use in fire separations only. It can be subject to code requirements not covered in this Standard. See the definition of Fire-stop fitting in Clause 3.1 of CSA B181.0.

Notes:
1) Recommended installation practices for PVC-DWV pipe are specified in Annex A. Following these practices will help ensure proper installation and optimum service life.
2) The maximum pressure used to test DWV installations should be 100 kPa (see Clause A.5.2).
3) This Standard does not specify requirements for venting of combustion gases. In Canada, ULC S636 specifies testing and marking requirements for pipe, fittings and accessories intended for venting of combustion gases. In the United States, UL 1738 specifies testing and marking requirements for pipe, fittings, and accessories intended for venting of combustion gases.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CSA B181.3:21 - Polyolefin and polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) laboratory drainage systems

Scope

1.1 General
This Standard specifies requirements for compounds, pipe, and fittings used in polyolefin and polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) laboratory drainage systems for corrosive applications.

Notes:
1) Polyolefin includes both PE and PP plastics.
2) PVDF includes emulsion or suspension polymerization of vinylidene fluoride, and copolymers of vinylidene and hexafluoropropylene produced by emulsion or suspension.
3) Other thermoplastics may be certified to this Standard provided that they comply with the requirements specified in this Standard.

1.2 Joining method
Pipe and fittings covered in this Standard are intended to be joined by heat fusion using joining equipment supplied by the manufacturer.

1.3 Transitioning between different manufacturers’ products
This Standard is not intended to provide for interchangeability between plastic pipe and fittings from different manufacturers, but it does allow for transition fittings used to join one manufacturer’s product to another’s, provided that the joining technique is other than heat fusion.

Note: For guidance on fusion joints and aboveground and underground installations, refer to Annex A.

1.4 Differing or additional characteristics
Polyolefin laboratory drainage systems having characteristics differing from or additional to those covered by this Standard should be investigated to determine whether they comply with the intent of this Standard.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

CSA B181.5:21 - Coextruded acrylonitrile-butadiene- styrene/polyvinylchloride (ABS/PVC) drain, waste, and vent pipe

Scope

1.1 General
This Standard specifies requirements for coextruded thermoplastic drain, waste, and vent (DWV) pipe with an outer layer of acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) and an inner layer of polyvinylchloride (PVC) or with outer and inner layers of ABS and a core of PVC.

1.2 Intent of this Standard
Pipe manufactured in accordance with this Standard is intended to be used with fittings, accessories, and solvent cement that comply with the requirements of CSA B181.1.

Note: Recommended storage, handling, and installation practices for coextruded ABS/PVC-DWV pipe are provided in Annex A of CSA B181.1. Use of these recommended practices can help to ensure proper installation and optimum service life.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CSA B182.1:21 - Plastic drain and sewer pipe and pipe fittings

Scope

1.1 General
This Standard specifies requirements for

a) plastic drain and sewer pipe and plastic pipe fittings with pipe stiffness of 275, 320, or 625 kPa, including single-wall, coextruded, and coextruded dual-wall pipe with a smooth interior;
b) single-wall, non-corrugated, perforated plastic pipe and plastic pipe fittings with a pipe stiffness of 200 kPa;
c) coextruded dual-wall perforated plastic pipe with a smooth interior, corrugated exterior, and a pipe stiffness of 200 kPa; and
d) solvent cement.

Notes:
1) Industrial waste disposal lines should be installed only with the approval of the authority having jurisdiction because chemicals not commonly found in drains and sewers, and temperatures greater than 60 °C, can be encountered.
2) Guidance on the relationship between pipe stiffness and the end use of the pipe is given in Annex A.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CSA B182.2:21 - PSM type polyvinylchloride (PVC) sewer pipe and fittings

Scope

1.1 General
This Standard specifies requirements for SDR 26, 28, 35, and 41 PSM type polyvinylchloride (PVC) sewer pipe and fittings.

Notes:
1) Industrial waste disposal lines should be installed only with the approval of the authority having jurisdiction because chemicals not commonly found in drains and sewers, and temperatures greater than 60 °C, can be encountered.
2) Nominal pipe size is indicated by an NPS designation, and actual dimensions are given in millimetres. For example, an NPS-10 pipe will be nominally 10 in in diameter.
3) See the definition of PSM in Clause 3.1 of CSA B181.0.

1.2 Multilayer construction
Pipe manufactured to this Standard may have multilayer construction, and the middle layer may have reprocessed-recycled content.

Note: In this Standard, the term multilayer refers to pipe having three layers.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CSA B182.4:21 - Profile polyvinylchloride (PVC) sewer pipe and fittings

Scope

1.1 General
This Standard specifies requirements for profile polyvinylchloride (PVC) sewer pipe and fittings of pipe stiffness 70 and 320 (PS70 and PS320), based on controlled inside diameter.

Notes:
1) Pipe and fittings manufactured in accordance with this Standard should be installed in accordance with CSA B182.11.
2) Industrial waste disposal lines should be installed only with the approval of the authority having jurisdiction because chemicals not commonly found in drains and sewers, and temperatures greater than 60 °C, can be encountered.
3) When PS70 pipe is used, the appropriate authority having jurisdiction should be consulted.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CSA B182.6:21 - Profile polyethylene (PE) sewer pipe and fittings for leak-proof sewer applications

Scope

1.1 General
This Standard specifies requirements for profile polyethylene (PE) sewer pipe and fittings for leak-proof applications (e.g., sanitary sewer and other gravity-flow applications).

Profile wall pipe includes both open and closed profile with smooth interiors and sizes based on controlled inside diameter. Open profile pipe is of an annular construction. Closed profile pipe is of an annular or helical construction.

Notes:
1) Pipe and fittings manufactured in accordance with this Standard should be installed in accordance with CSA B182.11.
2) Refer to Annex A for recommended quality control test frequencies.
3) Refer to Annex C for fitting patterns of the lay length of fittings covered by this Standard.
4) Annex D should be followed to ensure that the requested products are described adequately.

1.2 Exclusion
This Standard does not cover helical open profile pipe.

Note: The ESCR requirements of this Standard can be unsuitable for helical open profile pipe.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CSA B182.8:21 - Profile polyethylene (PE) storm sewer and drainage pipe and fittings

Scope

1.1 General
This Standard specifies requirements for profile polyethylene (PE) storm sewer and drainage pipe and fittings for gasketed and non-gasketed leak-proof applications. The products covered under this Standard may be manufactured using either virgin or recycled (post-industrial or post-consumer) materials.

Profile wall pipe includes both open and closed profile with smooth interiors and sizes based on controlled inside diameter. Open profile pipe is of an annular construction. Closed profile pipe is of an annular or helical construction.

Notes:
1) Pipe and fittings manufactured in accordance with this Standard should be installed in accordance with CSA B182.11.
2) Refer to Annex A for recommended quality control test frequencies.
3) Refer to Annex G for additional minimum quality control test frequencies for pipes made with recycled materials.
4) Refer to Annex C for fitting patterns of the lay length of fittings covered by this Standard.
5) Annex F should be followed to ensure that the requested products are described adequately.

1.2 Exclusion 1
This Standard does not cover helical open profile pipe.

Note: The ESCR requirements of this Standard can be unsuitable for helical open profile pipe.

1.3 Exclusion 2
This Standard does not cover 210 kPa pipe in sizes smaller than NPS-12.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CSA B182.11:21 - Standard practice for the installation of thermoplastic drain, storm, and sewer pipe and fittings

Scope

1.1 General
This Standard specifies requirements for the installation and testing of thermoplastic and steel- reinforced PE pipes used for the conveyance of drain, storm, and sanitary effluent in gravity-flow systems.

Note: Users of this Standard should recognize that installation specifications cover a broad range of conditions for thermoplastic pipe. The engineer should tailor the installation specifications to special conditions and the contract documents. The documentation should specify any work or materials not covered by this Standard.

1.2 Applicability
This Standard applies to pipe manufactured in accordance with CSA B182.1, CSA B182.2, CSA B182.4, CSA B182.6, CSA B182.8, CSA B182.13, CSA B182.14, and CSA B182.15.

1.3 Exclusions
This Standard does not apply to pipe manufactured in accordance with CSA B181.1, CSA B181.2, CSA B181.3, and CSA B181.5. For the installation practice of pipe manufactured in accordance with

a) CSA B181.1 and CSA B181.5, see Annex A of CSA B181.1;
b) CSA B181.2, see Annex A of CSA B181.2; and
c) CSA B181.3, consult the manufacturer.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CSA B182.13:21 - Profile polypropylene (PP) sewer pipe and fittings for leak-proof sewer applications

Scope

1.1 General
This Standard specifies requirements for profile polypropylene (PP) sewer pipe and fittings for leak- proof applications (e.g., sanitary sewer and other gravity-flow applications).

Profile wall pipe includes both open and closed profile with smooth interiors and sizes based on controlled inside diameter. Open and closed profile pipe are both of an annular construction, but not compatible or interchangeable due to structural differences in profile geometries.

Notes:
1) Pipe and fittings manufactured in accordance with this Standard should be installed in accordance with CSA B182.11.
2) Refer to Annex A for recommended quality control test frequencies.
3) Refer to Annex B for base inside diameters.
4) Refer to Annex C for fitting patterns of the lay length of fittings covered by this Standard.
5) Annex D should be followed to ensure that the requested products are described adequately.
6) Appropriate structural design criteria for PP sewer pipe can be found in ASTM F2736 and ASTM F2764/ F2764M. ASTM F2736 covers 12 to 30 NPS open profile pipe and ASTM F2764/F2764M covers 30 to 60 NPS closed profile pipe.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CSA B182.14:21 - Profile steel reinforced polyethylene (SRPE) storm sewer pipe and fittings

Scope

1.1 General
This Standard specifies requirements for profile steel reinforced polyethylene (SRPE) sewer pipe and fittings for storm sewer, and other gravity-flow applications.

Profile wall pipe in this Standard includes open profile pipe of helical construction, with a smooth interior and sizes based on controlled inside diameter. The pipe can be perforated, for specific applications, as required.

Notes:
1) Pipe and fittings manufactured in accordance with this Standard should be installed in accordance with CSA B182.11.
2) The structural design of this product should be in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations.
3) Refer to Annex A for recommended quality control test frequencies.
4) Refer to Annex B for base inside diameters used to determine installation deflection limits.
5) Refer to Annex C for fitting patterns covered by this Standard.
6) Refer to Annex D for examples of Type 3 non-gasketed coupling joints.
7) The ordering recommendations in Annex E should be followed to ensure that the requested products are described adequately.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CSA B182.15:21 - Profile steel reinforced polyethylene (SRPE) sewer pipe and fittings

Scope

1.1 General
This Standard specifies requirements for profile steel reinforced polyethylene (SRPE) sewer pipe and fittings for sanitary sewer and other gravity-flow applications.

Profile wall pipe in this Standard includes open profile pipe of helical construction, with a smooth interior and sizes based on controlled inside diameter. The pipe can be perforated, for specific applications, as required.

Notes:
1) Pipe and fittings manufactured in accordance with this Standard should be installed in accordance with CSA B182.11.
2) The structural design of this product should be in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations.
3) Refer to Annex A for recommended quality control test frequencies.
4) Refer to Annex B for base inside diameters used to determine installation deflection limits.
5) Refer to Annex C for fitting patterns covered by this Standard.
6) The ordering recommendations in Annex D should be followed to ensure that the requested products are described adequately.

Origin: CSA
Close date: Jul 17, 2021
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1.1
This Standard covers rigid polyvinylchloride (PVC) pipe and fittings intended for use in pressure applications such as water mains, water service piping, and process piping. The fittings covered by this Standard include moulded, solvent-cemented, gasketed, or threaded fittings, and fittings that have been fabricated for use with any joining method.

Notes:
1) Where PVC pipe and fittings are to be used in non-water applications, the manufacturer should be consulted.
2) This Standard does not specify requirements for venting of combustion gases. In Canada, ULC S636 specifies testing and marking requirements for pipe, fittings, and accessories intended for venting of combustion gases. In the United States, UL 1738 specifies testing and marking requirements for pipe, fittings, and accessories intended for venting of combustion gases.

1.2
This Standard specifies requirements for materials, quality of work, dimensions, solvent cement, and markings for pipe and fittings. Requirements for hydrostatic sustained pressure, extrusion, impact resistance, and quality are also specified for pipe.

1.3
In this Standard, shall is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; should is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and may is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

Origin: CSA
Close date: Jul 17, 2021
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1.1
This Standard covers chlorinated polyvinylchloride (CPVC) pipe, tubing, and fittings in the following sizes and uses:

a) standard dimension ratio 11 (SDR 11), and Schedules 40 and 80 pipe in pipe sizes whose dimension ratio does not exceed 11, for use in hot- and cold-water distribution systems at a maximum working pressure of 690 kPa and a maximum working temperature of 82 °C; and

b) SDR 13.5 and SDR 21 for use only in cold-water distribution and water service systems at a maximum working pressure of 2170 kPa and 1380 kPa, respectively, and a maximum working temperature of 23 °C.

Note: This Standard does not specify requirements for venting of combustion gases. In Canada, ULC S636 specifies testing and marking requirements for pipe, fittings, and accessories intended for venting of combustion gases. In the United States, UL 1738 specifies testing and marking requirements for pipe, fittings, and accessories intended for venting of combustion gases.

1.2
This Standard specifies requirements for materials, quality of work, dimensions and tolerances, hydrostatic sustained pressure strength, thermocycling resistance, solvent cement, joint strength, and markings.

1.3
In this Standard, shall is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; should is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and may is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

Categories: Electrical
Origin: CSA
Close date: Jul 19, 2021
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This clause of Part 1 is replaced by the following.

This International Standard deals with the safety of electric appliances for the care of skin or hair of persons or animals and intended for household and similar purposes, their rated voltage being not more than 250 V.

NOTE 101 Examples of appliances that are within the scope of this standard are

– curling combs;
– curling irons;
– curling rollers with separate heaters;
– facial saunas;
– hairdryers;
– hand dryers;
– heaters with detachable curlers;
– permanent-wave appliances.

NOTE 102 Appliances covered by this standard may incorporate steam-producing or spray-producing devices.

Appliances not intended for normal household use but that nevertheless may be a source of danger to the public, such as appliances intended to be used by laymen in shops, in light industry and on farms, are within the scope of this standard.

NOTE 103 Examples are appliances for use in hairdressing salons.

As far as is practicable, this standard deals with the common hazards presented by appliances that are encountered by all persons in and around the home. However, in general, it does not take into account

– persons (including children) whose
• physical, sensory or mental capabilities; or
• lack of experience and knowledge prevents them from using the appliance safely without supervision or instruction; 
– children playing with the appliance.

NOTE 104 Attention is drawn to the fact that

– for appliances intended to be used in vehicles or on board ships or aircraft, additional requirements may be necessary;
– in many countries additional requirements are specified by the national health authorities, the national authorities responsible for the protection of labour and similar authorities.

NOTE 105 This standard does not apply to

– appliances intended exclusively for industrial purposes;
– appliances intended to be used in locations where special conditions prevail, such as the presence of a corrosive or explosive atmosphere (dust, vapour or gas);
– shavers, hair clippers and similar appliances (IEC 60335-2-8);
– blankets, pads, clothing and similar flexible heating appliances (IEC 60335-2-17);
– UV and IR radiation appliances (IEC 60335-2-27);
– sauna heating appliances (IEC 60335-2-53);
– appliances intended for medical purposes (IEC 60601).

This Standard applies to the safety of such equipment designed and constructed for installation and use in accordance with CSA C22.1, Canadian Electrical Code, Part I (CE Code, Part I).

[Add the following to Note 105]

— cosmetic and beauty care appliances incorporating lasers and intense light sources.

Contact: [email protected] (Tania Donovska)
Origin:
Close date: Jul 20, 2021
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Categories: Energy
Origin: CSA
Close date: Jul 20, 2021
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1.1 Sector
This Standard applies to newly installed flares, incinerators and enclosed combustors used in the following sectors:
• Drilling operations;
• Completions and Well testing;
• Well sites and gathering pipelines, thermal in-situ operations;
• Process Facilities (up to and ending at custody transfer at the product outlet point); and
• Workovers and well servicing.

1.2 Standard Scope
This standard covers the following processes associated with flares, incinerators and enclosed combustors.
If a measurement value as given in this Standard is followed by an equivalent value in other units, the first stated value is to be regarded as the specification.

 

Origin: CSA
Close date: Jul 24, 2021
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This standard provides definitions and methodologies for a set of indicators to identify and measure community well-being, prosperity, and sustainability in rural and small-town contexts. It is intended to facilitate the effective utilization of rural data by promoting the consistent use of common definitions and measurements of key indicators of conditions in communities in five domains: economic, environmental, health, social, and institutional. This standard is applicable to rural and small-town communities, districts, municipalities, and predominantly rural regions. Some indicators measure factors that are outside the control of the community but provide important context for understanding quality of life issues and related influences.

Contact: [email protected] (Ron Meyers)
Origin:
Close date: Jul 26, 2021
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1.1 General

This Standard specifies requirements for the identification of fatigue related hazards, and assessment and control of fatigue-related risks across first responder occupations. This Standard can be applied to any type of fatigue-related risk and can be applied to both sleep-related and task-related fatigue. 

It is intended that this Standard be utilized to harmonize risk management processes in existing and future standards. It provides a common approach in support of standards dealing with specific risks and/or specific first responder occupations and does not replace those standards.

1.2 Structure

This Standard provides a framework for organizations to prepare for and respond to fatigue risk management at the organizational level. It includes policies, processes, programs, procedures, and practices related to the following: a voluntary framework for fatigue risk management at the organizational/system level; direction on planning, developing, implementing and evaluating the fatigue risk management system within the framework; and informative guidance on risk assessment tools, implementing feasible control strategies, and performance indicators.

1.3 Guiding principals

It is important to consider fatigue as a normal condition that we all experience on occasion, regardless of our best efforts, and that it should not be regarded as a diciplinary issue. The guiding principles that are the foundations for this Standard are (not in any particular order):

 

a)Fatigue risk management creates and protects value.

Fatigue risk management contributes to the demonstrable achievement of objectives and improvement of performance in, for example, human health and safety, worker wellbeing, security, legal and regulatory compliance, public acceptance, product or service quality, project management, efficiency in operations, governance and reputation.

b)Fatigue risk management is an integral part of organizational processes.

Fatigue risk management is not a stand-alone activity that is separate from the main activities and processes of the organization. Fatigue risk management is a shared responsibility between management and worker and an integral part of all organizational occupational health and safety management system and other organizational processes.

c)Fatigue risk management is part of decision making.

Fatigue risk management helps decision makers make informed choices, prioritize actions and distinguish among alternative courses of action.

d)Fatigue risk management explicitly addresses fatigue risk factors.

Fatigue risk management explicitly takes account of fatigue-related risk factors, the nature of that fatigue risk factor, and how fatigue risk factors can be addressed. It also recognizes that fatigue can affect the risk level of other hazards that are already present in a work scenario.

e)Fatigue risk management is systematic, structured and timely.

A systematic, timely and structured approach to fatigue risk management contributes to efficiency and to consistent, comparable and reliable results.

f)Fatigue risk management is based on the best available information.

The inputs to the process of managing risk are based on information sources such as historical data, scientific evidence, experience, stakeholder feedback, observation, forecasts and expert judgement. However, decision makers should inform themselves of, and should take into account, any limitations of the data or modelling used or the possibility of divergence among experts.

g)Fatigue risk management is tailored.

Fatigue risk management is aligned with the organization's external and internal context and risk profile.

h)Fatigue risk management takes human and cultural factors into account.  Fatigue risk management recognizes the capabilities, perceptions and intentions of external and internal people of the first responder organization that can facilitate or hinder achievement of the organization's objectives.

i)Fatigue risk management is transparent and inclusive.

Appropriate and timely involvement of stakeholders and, in particular, decision makers at all levels of the organization including frontline personnel, supervisors, administrators, and worker representatives, ensures that fatigue risk management remains relevant and up to date. Involvement also allows stakeholders to be properly represented and to have their views taken into account in determining risk criteria and effective control strategies.

j)Fatigue risk management is dynamic, iterative and responsive to change.

Fatigue risk management continually senses and responds to change. As external and internal events occur, context and knowledge change, monitoring and review of risks take place, new risks emerge, some change, and others disappear.

h)Fatigue risk management facilitates continual improvement of the organization.

Organizations should develop and implement strategies to improve their fatigue risk management maturity alongside all other aspects of their organization.

Categories: Electrical
Origin: CSA
Close date: Jul 29, 2021
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1.1

This Standard applies to manufactured wiring systems for installation in accessible areas in dry, nonhazardous locations in accordance with the Canadian Electrical Code, Part I.

1.2

This Standard applies to manufactured wiring systems having a maximum voltage rating of 600 V, and a maximum current rating of 30 A.

1.3 This clause deleted.

This Standard applies to powered table systems covered in Annex A.

1.3

In this Standard, “shall” is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the standard; “should” is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and “may” is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

 

Categories: Electrical
Origin: CSA
Close date: Jul 29, 2021
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1.1
This Standard covers electrical safety requirements for 120 V cord-connected single circuit wiring systems for residential and commercial use and for use with free standing interconnected tables, provided with communication, video, and/or power receptacles that are intended for frequent setup and breakdown.

1.2
The requirements apply to powered tables connected to 15 A or 20 A, 120 V (single phase) branch circuits, for use in non hazardous locations, in accordance with the Rules of the Canadian Electrical Code, Part I.

1.3
The requirements do not apply to tables employing multi-circuit electrical systems, tables that are integral to an office panel system, kiosks, carts and utility stands, or wired cabinets. The powered tables covered may be subject to dismantling and re-assembly.

1.4
This Standard covers the requirements for protective routing of communication circuits.

1.5
In this Standard, “shall” is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the standard; “should” is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and “may” is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.