Construction and Engineering

Contact: [email protected] (Sarah Chung )
Origin: CSA
Close date: Feb 18, 2023
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1.1 General

This Guide provides Canadian best practices for the process of inspecting and approving modular construction projects for partially- or fully-enclosed modules that are constructed in an off-site factory and transported and installed at the final location. These guidelines are intended for construction and inspection of permanent modular buildings of any size and occupancy.

This Guide includes information on:

plans preparation and review;

permit application package inclusions;

site/development permit inclusions;

codes and standards applicable to modular construction;

factory certification program procedures;

third-party inspection agencies’ roles and responsibilities;

transportation and storage practices; and

recommended on-site installation and inspection procedures.

1.2 Terminology

In this Standard, “shall” is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the standard; “should” is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and “may” is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to provide explanatory text or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

1.3 Units of measure

The values given in SI units are the units of record for the purposes of this Standard. The values given in parentheses are for information and comparison only.

Contact: [email protected] (Sarah Chung )
Origin: CSA
Close date: Mar 19, 2023
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1.1 Scope of the B1800 compendium

This Standard covers thermoplastic nonpressure piping, including

a) drain, waste, and vent pipe and pipe fittings;

b) sewer and storm pipe and pipe fittings; and

c) accessories such as factory-assembled expansion joints, closet flanges, backwater valves, and cleanouts.

Note: This Standard does not specify requirements for venting of combustion gases. In Canada, ULC S636 specifies testing and marking requirements for pipe, fittings, and accessories intended for venting of combustion gases. In the United States, UL 1738 specifies testing and marking requirements for pipe, fittings, and accessories intended for venting of combustion gases.

1.2 Scope of this Standard

This Standard specifies general requirements for compounds and for manufactured pipe and pipe fittings, the relevant test methods, and marking requirements.

1.3 Intent of this Standard

This Standard is intended to be used in conjunction with one of the other Standards in the CSA B181 or CSA B182 series to form a complete Standard for a particular product.

1.4 Terminology

In this Standard, “shall” is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; “should” is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and “may” is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

Contact: [email protected] (Sarah Chung )
Origin: CSA
Close date: Mar 19, 2023
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1.1 General

This Standard specifies requirements for acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) drain, waste, and vent (DWV) pipe, pipe fittings, including push-fit fittings, and accessories such as factory-assembled expansion joints, closet flanges, and backwater valves.

Notes:

1) Recommended installation practices for ABS-DWV pipe are specified in Annex A. Use of these recommended practices can help to ensure proper installation and optimum service life.

2) The maximum pressure used to test DWV installations should be 100 kPa (see Clause A.5.2).

3) This Standard does not specify requirements for venting of combustion gases. In Canada, ULC S636 specifies testing and marking requirements for pipe, fittings and accessories intended for venting of combustion gases. In the United States, UL 1738 specifies testing and marking requirements for pipe, fittings, and accessories intended for venting of combustion gases.

1.2 Terminology

In this Standard, “shall” is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; “should” is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and “may” is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

Contact: [email protected] (Sarah Chung )
Origin: CSA
Close date: Mar 19, 2023
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1.1 General

This Standard specifies requirements for polyvinylchloride (PVC) and chlorinated polyvinylchloride (CPVC) drain, waste, and vent (DWV) pipe, pipe fittings, including push-fit fittings, and accessories such as factory-assembled expansion joints, closet flanges, backwater valves, and fire-stop fittings*.

* The fire stop is for use in fire separations only. It can be subject to code requirements not covered in this Standard. See the definition of “Fire-stop fitting” in Clause 3.1 of CSA B181.0.

Notes:

1) Recommended installation practices for PVC-DWV pipe are specified in Annex A. Following these practices will help ensure proper installation and optimum service life.

2) The maximum pressure used to test DWV installations should be 100 kPa (see Clause A.5.2).

3) This Standard does not specify requirements for venting of combustion gases. In Canada, ULC S636 specifies testing and marking requirements for pipe, fittings and accessories intended for venting of combustion gases. In the United States, UL 1738 specifies testing and marking requirements for pipe, fittings, and accessories intended for venting of combustion gases.

1.2 Terminology

In this Standard, “shall” is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; “should” is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and “may” is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

Contact: [email protected] (Sarah Chung )
Origin: CSA
Close date: Mar 19, 2023
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1.1 General

This Standard specifies requirements for compounds, pipe, and fittings used in polyolefin and polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) laboratory drainage systems for corrosive applications.

Notes:

1) Polyolefin includes both PE and PP plastics.

2) PVDF includes emulsion or suspension polymerization of vinylidene fluoride, and copolymers of vinylidene and hexafluoropropylene produced by emulsion or suspension.

3) Other thermoplastics may be certified to this Standard provided that they comply with the requirements specified in this Standard.

1.2 Joining method

Pipe and fittings covered in this Standard are intended to be joined by heat fusion using joining equipment supplied by the manufacturer.

1.3 Transitioning between different manufacturers’ products

This Standard is not intended to provide for interchangeability between plastic pipe and fittings from different manufacturers, but it does allow for transition fittings used to join one manufacturer’s product to another’s, provided that the joining technique is other than heat fusion.

Note: For guidance on fusion joints and aboveground and underground installations, refer to Annex A.

1.4 Differing or additional characteristics

Polyolefin laboratory drainage systems having characteristics differing from or additional to those covered by this Standard should be investigated to determine whether they comply with the intent of this Standard.

1.5 Terminology

In this Standard, “shall” is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; “should” is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and “may” is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

Contact: [email protected] (Sarah Chung )
Origin: CSA
Close date: Mar 19, 2023
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1.1 General

This Standard specifies requirements for coextruded thermoplastic drain, waste, and vent (DWV) pipe with an outer layer of acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) and an inner layer of polyvinylchloride (PVC) or with outer and inner layers of ABS and a core of PVC.

1.2 Intent of this Standard

Pipe manufactured in accordance with this Standard is intended to be used with fittings, accessories, and solvent cement that comply with the requirements of CSA B181.1.

Note: Recommended storage, handling, and installation practices for coextruded ABS/PVC-DWV pipe are provided in Annex A of CSA B181.1. Use of these recommended practices can help to ensure proper installation and optimum service life.

1.3 Terminology

In this Standard, “shall” is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; “should” is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and “may” is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

Contact: [email protected] (Sarah Chung )
Origin: CSA
Close date: Mar 19, 2023
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1.1 General

This Standard specifies requirements for

a) plastic drain and sewer pipe and plastic pipe fittings with pipe stiffness of 275, 320, or 625 kPa, including single-wall, coextruded, and coextruded dual-wall pipe with a smooth interior;

b) single-wall, non-corrugated, perforated plastic pipe and plastic pipe fittings with a pipe stiffness of 200 kPa;

c) coextruded dual-wall perforated plastic pipe with a smooth interior, corrugated exterior, and a pipe stiffness of 200 kPa; and

d) solvent cement.

Notes:

1) Industrial waste disposal lines should be installed only with the approval of the authority having jurisdiction because chemicals not commonly found in drains and sewers, and temperatures greater than 60 °C, can be encountered.

2) Guidance on the relationship between pipe stiffness and the end use of the pipe is given in Annex A.

1.2 Terminology

In this Standard, “shall” is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; “should” is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and “may” is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

Contact: [email protected] (Sarah Chung )
Origin: CSA
Close date: Mar 19, 2023
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1.1 General
This Standard specifies requirements for SDR 26, 28, 35, and 41 PSM type polyvinylchloride (PVC) perforated and non-perforated sewer pipe and fittings.
Notes:
1) Industrial waste disposal lines should be installed only with the approval of the authority having jurisdiction because chemicals not commonly found in drains and sewers, and temperatures greater than 60 °C, can be encountered.
2) Nominal pipe size is indicated by an NPS designation, and actual dimensions are given in millimetres. For example, an NPS-10 pipe will be nominally 10 in in diameter.
3) See the definition of “PSM” in Clause 3.1 of CSA B181.0.


1.2 Multilayer construction
Pipe manufactured to this Standard may have multilayer construction, and the middle layer canmay have reprocessed-recycled content.
Note: In this Standard, the term “multilayer” refers to pipe having three layers.


1.3 Terminology
In this Standard, “shall” is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; “should” is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and “may” is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.
Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.
Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.
Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

 

Contact: [email protected] (Sarah Chung )
Origin: CSA
Close date: Mar 19, 2023
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1.1 General

This Standard specifies requirements for profile polyvinylchloride (PVC) sewer pipe and fittings of pipe stiffness 70 and 320 (PS70 and PS320), based on controlled inside diameter.

Notes:

1) Pipe and fittings manufactured in accordance with this Standard should be installed in accordance with CSA B182.11.

2) Industrial waste disposal lines should be installed only with the approval of the authority having jurisdiction because chemicals not commonly found in drains and sewers, and temperatures greater than 60 °C, can be encountered.

3) When PS70 pipe is used, the appropriate authority having jurisdiction should be consulted.

1.2 Terminology

In this Standard, “shall” is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; “should” is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and “may” is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

Contact: [email protected] (Sarah Chung )
Origin: CSA
Close date: Mar 19, 2023
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1.1 General

This Standard specifies requirements for open profile polyethylene (PE) sewer pipe and fittings with annular corrugations for leak-proof applications (e.g., sanitary sewer and other gravity-flow applications).

Notes:

1) Pipe and fittings manufactured in accordance with this Standard should be installed in accordance with CSA B182.11.

2) Refer to Annex A for recommended quality control test frequencies.

3) Refer to Annex C for fitting patterns of the lay length of fittings covered by this Standard.

4) Annex D should be followed to ensure that the requested products are described adequately.

1.2 Terminology

In this Standard, “shall” is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; “should” is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and “may” is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

 

Contact: [email protected] (Sarah Chung )
Origin: CSA
Close date: Mar 19, 2023
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1.1 General

This Standard specifies requirements for open profile polyethylene (PE) storm sewer and drainage pipe and fittings with annular corrugations for gasketed and non-gasketed leak-proof applications. The products covered under this Standard may be manufactured using either virgin or recycled (post-industrial or post-consumer) materials.

Notes:

1) Pipe and fittings manufactured in accordance with this Standard should be installed in accordance with CSA B182.11.

2) Refer to Annex A for recommended quality control test frequencies.

3) Refer to Annex G for additional minimum quality control test frequencies for pipes made with recycled materials.

4) Refer to Annex C for fitting patterns of the lay length of fittings covered by this Standard.

5) Annex F should be followed to ensure that the requested products are described adequately.

1.2 Exclusion

This Standard does not cover 210 kPa pipe in sizes smaller than NPS-12.

1.3 Terminology

In this Standard, “shall” is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; “should” is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and “may” is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

Contact: [email protected] (Sarah Chung )
Origin: CSA
Close date: Mar 19, 2023
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1.1 General

This Standard specifies requirements for the installation and testing of thermoplastic and steel-reinforced PE pipes used for the conveyance of drain, storm, and sanitary effluent in gravity-flow systems.

Note: Users of this Standard should recognize that installation specifications cover a broad range of conditions for thermoplastic pipe. The engineer should tailor the installation specifications to special conditions and the contract documents. The documentation should specify any work or materials not covered by this Standard.

1.2 Applicability

This Standard applies to pipe manufactured in accordance with CSA B182.1, CSA B182.2, CSA B182.4, CSA B182.6, CSA B182.8, CSA B182.12, CSA B182.13, CSA B182.14, and CSA B182.15.

1.3 Exclusions

This Standard does not apply to pipe manufactured in accordance with CSA B181.1, CSA B181.2, CSA B181.3, and CSA B181.5. For the installation practice of pipe manufactured in accordance with

a) CSA B181.1 and CSA B181.5, see Annex A of CSA B181.1;

b) CSA B181.2, see Annex A of CSA B181.2; and

c) CSA B181.3, consult the manufacturer.

1.4 Terminology

In this Standard, “shall” is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; “should” is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and “may” is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

Contact: [email protected] (Sarah Chung )
Origin: CSA
Close date: Mar 19, 2023
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1.1 General

This Standard specifies requirements for open profile polypropylene (PP) storm sewer pipe and fittings for leak-proof applications.

Profile wall pipe includes only open profile with smooth interior and sizes based on controlled inside diameter. Open profile pipe is of an annular construction.

Notes:

1) Pipe and fittings manufactured in accordance with this Standard should be installed in accordance with CSA B182.11.

2) Refer to Annex A for recommended quality control test frequencies.

3) Refer to Annex B for base inside diameters.

4) Refer to Annex C for fitting patterns of the lay length of fittings covered by this Standard.

5) Annex D should be followed to ensure that the requested products are described adequately.

6) Annex E should be followed to ensure that the requested products are described adequately.

7) Appropriate structural design criteria for PP storm sewer pipe can be found in Appendix X2 of ASTM F2881/F2881M.

1.2 Terminology

In this Standard, “shall” is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; “should” is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and “may” is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

Contact: [email protected] (Sarah Chung )
Origin: CSA
Close date: Mar 19, 2023
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1.1 General

This Standard specifies requirements for profile polypropylene (PP) sewer pipe and fittings for leak-proof applications (e.g., sanitary sewer and other gravity-flow applications).

Profile wall pipe includes both open and closed profile with smooth interiors and sizes based on controlled inside diameter. Open and closed profile pipe are both of an annular construction, but not compatible or interchangeable due to structural differences in profile geometries.

Notes:

1) Pipe and fittings manufactured in accordance with this Standard should be installed in accordance with CSA B182.11.

2) Refer to Annex A for recommended quality control test frequencies.

3) Refer to Annex B for base inside diameters.

4) Refer to Annex C for fitting patterns of the lay length of fittings covered by this Standard.

5) Annex D should be followed to ensure that the requested products are described adequately.

6) Appropriate structural design criteria for PP sewer pipe can be found in ASTM F2764/F2764M.

1.2 Terminology

In this Standard, “shall” is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; “should” is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and “may” is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

 

Contact: [email protected] (Sarah Chung )
Origin: CSA
Close date: Mar 19, 2023
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1.1 General

This Standard specifies requirements for profile steel reinforced polyethylene (SRPE) sewer pipe and fittings for storm sewer, and other gravity-flow applications.

Profile wall pipe in this Standard includes open profile pipe of helical construction, with a smooth interior and sizes based on controlled inside diameter. The pipe can be perforated, for specific applications, as required.

Notes:

1) Pipe and fittings manufactured in accordance with this Standard should be installed in accordance with CSA B182.11.

2) The structural design of this product should be in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations.

3) Refer to Annex A for recommended quality control test frequencies.

4) Refer to Annex B for base inside diameters used to determine installation deflection limits.

5) Refer to Annex C for fitting patterns covered by this Standard.

6) Refer to Annex D for examples of Type 3 non-gasketed coupling joints.

7) The ordering recommendations in Annex E should be followed to ensure that the requested products are described adequately.

1.2 Terminology

In this Standard, “shall” is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; “should” is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and “may” is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

Contact: [email protected] (Sarah Chung )
Origin: CSA
Close date: Mar 19, 2023
View moreView less
 

1.1 General

This Standard specifies requirements for profile steel reinforced polyethylene (SRPE) sewer pipe and fittings for sanitary sewer and other gravity-flow applications.

Profile wall pipe in this Standard includes open profile pipe of helical construction, with a smooth interior and sizes based on controlled inside diameter. The pipe can be perforated, for specific applications, as required.

Notes:

1) Pipe and fittings manufactured in accordance with this Standard should be installed in accordance with CSA B182.11.

2) The structural design of this product should be in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations.

3) Refer to Annex A for recommended quality control test frequencies.

4) Refer to Annex B for base inside diameters used to determine installation deflection limits.

5) Refer to Annex C for fitting patterns covered by this Standard.

6) The ordering recommendations in Annex D should be followed to ensure that the requested products are described adequately.

1.2 Terminology

In this Standard, “shall” is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; “should” is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and “may” is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.