Draft Details

Designation:CSA R117
Source:CSA
Contact name:Adriana Shu Yin
Review start date:Jan 17, 2024
Review end date:Mar 17, 2024
Contact email:thuy.ton(at)csagroup.org
Draft Scope/Description:

The scope of the Standard is as follows, and relates to:

How recycling and recycled plastic should be defined;

Where and how in the recycling process should recycled plastics or new products be measured or attributed via mass balance;

How a plastic recycling rate should be calculated; and

What metadata should be reported alongside any published data on plastic recycling or plastic recycling rates.

The Standard could be applied in the following situations:

Policy-makers wishing to establish plastic recycling rate targets in legislation;

Municipalities that report data on the recycling of plastic;

Commercial environment where users are seeking to:

Meet public policy objectives (e.g. recycling targets);

Establish commercial terms and conditions where the Standard will be used to identify a condition where recycling has been achieved or a recycled material has been produced;

Report on progress (e.g. in annual reports, etc.);

Waste management companies reporting on the recycling performance of their operations;

Mechanical and chemical recycling facilities to understand how their processes would contribute to, and be reported as plastic recycling;

Producer responsibility organizations that are reporting information on plastic recycling and on the amount of plastic being placed on the market; or

Non Governmental Organizations wanting to assess the effectiveness of policy actions and make comparisons of performance under a common methodology.

1.1 Inclusions

This Standard applies to all plastics as defined in Section 3.1 used in any economic sector. Figure 1 shows some of the main types of plastic. All non-biodegradable plastics are in scope of the Standard irrespective of their source (i.e. whether they are from fossil or biological  materials) or composition.

1.2 Exclusions

This Standard does not apply to compostable plastics, or non-plastic petrochemical or bio-based products such as inks, glues, coatings, greases etc.

The Standard should not be applied in the following situation: Determining if a thing is a hazardous waste or a hazardous recyclable material for the purpose of Part 7, Division 8 of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999.

1.3 Terminology

In this Standard, “shall” is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the standard; “should” is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and “may” is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

1.4 Units of measure

The values given in SI units are the units of record for the purposes of this Standard. The values given in parentheses are for information and comparison only.

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