Energy

Categories: Energy
Contact: sara.marxen@csagroup.org
Origin: CSA
Close date: Feb 22, 2017
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This Standard applies to:

the mechanical and electrical features of newly manufactured systems that dispense natural gas for vehicles (NGV) where such a system is intended primarily to dispense the fuel directly into the fuel storage container of the vehicle;

NGV dispensers contained in a single housing; and

NGV dispensers contained in multiple housings for metering and registering devices, remote electronics, remote overfill protection, hoses, and nozzles.

Categories: Energy
Contact: robert.reipas@csagroup.org
Origin: CSA
Close date: Mar 14, 2017
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1 Scope
This part of IEC 61400 specifies a procedure for measuring the power performance characteristics of a single wind turbine and applies to the testing of wind turbines of all types and sizes connected to the electrical power network. In addition, this standard describes a procedure to be used to determine the power performance characteristics of small wind turbines (as defined in IEC 61400-2) when connected to either the electric power network or a battery bank. The procedure can be used for performance evaluation of specific wind turbines at specific locations, but equally the methodology can be used to make generic comparisons between different wind turbine models or different wind turbine settings when site-specific conditions and data filtering influences are taken into account.
The wind turbine power performance characteristics are determined by the measured power curve and the estimated annual energy production (AEP). The measured power curve, defined as the relationship between the wind speed and the wind turbine power output, is determined by collecting simultaneous measurements of meteorological variables (including wind speed), as well as wind turbine signals (including power output) at the test site for a period that is long enough to establish a statistically significant database over a range of wind speeds and under varying wind and atmospheric conditions. The AEP is calculated by applying the measured power curve to reference wind speed frequency distributions, assuming 100 % availability.
This document describes a measurement methodology that requires the measured power curve and derived energy production figures to be supplemented by an assessment of uncertainty sources and their combined effects.

Categories: Energy
Contact: Bianca.sayan@csagroup.org
Origin:
Close date: Mar 16, 2017
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Amendments to N288.1-14 - Guidelines for calculating derived release limits for radioactive material in airborne and liquid effluents for normal operation of nuclear facilities

Categories: Energy
Contact: namat.elkouche@csagroup.org
Origin: CSA
Close date: Mar 19, 2017
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1 Introduction and Scope

PV module manufacturers are currently required under most regulatory regimes to do mandatory safety and qualification testing to either ANSI/UL1703 or IEC 61730 and IEC 61215.

 

Because safety and qualification testing is not considered adequate to validate products that must perform for 20-25 years in the field, most PV module manufacturers currently perform extended reliability testing above and beyond safety and qualification testing, either internally or externally through third party labs.

 

Due to the proliferation of essentially similar private protocols and the demands of investor due diligence, quite a bit of redundant testing is currently occurring.  Therefore, stakeholders consider it desirable to consolidate the existing protocols into a publicly available protocol that would better serve the marketplace, eliminate redundant testing and enable data to be easily compared across manufacturers and projects.

 

EXP450 is a document outlining a PV Module Testing Protocol for Quality Assurance Programs.  It is intended to be used by banks, developers, independent engineers and manufacturers as a publicly available document reflecting industry best practices for module quality assurance and reliability testing.  EXP450 is intended to be a stand-alone document that does not interact with other safety or qualification standards.  It is possible that some testing in EXP450 maybe duplicative of testing in safety and qualification standards.  However, market practices as they currently exist may require independent quality assurance and reliability testing and due diligence by parties not associated with the safety and qualification testing.

The individual test legs in the EXP450 protocol are derived from existing tests in safety, qualification and reliability testing described in existing IEC and NREL documents and may be updated over time as new test legs and protocols are validated and published. The EXP450 test legs are designed to reproduce failures that have been seen in the field, or potentially could be seen in the field.  Test leg durations have been carefully considered to avoid accumulated exposures greater than might be reasonably expected in actual deployment scenarios. EXP450 is intended to be used across PV module technology types.

 

Potential uses of the EXP450 protocol include:

Evaluation of comparative reliability among different module manufacturers or designs.

Evaluation of comparative reliability among different module BOMs.

Diagnosis of potential problems with new module manufacturing equipment or facilities against known good equipment and facilities.

Provision of data for ongoing quality monitoring programs after product validation.

Categories: Energy
Contact: sophia.chan@csagroup.org
Origin:
Close date: Mar 24, 2017
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1  Scope

1.1  

This Standard sets out minimum requirements for the design, construction, operation, maintenance, abandonment, and safety of hydrocarbon storage in underground reservoir formations and associated equipment. The equipment considered includes

(a)   storage wellhead and Christmas tree assemblies;

(b)   wells and subsurface equipment; and

(c)   safety equipment, including monitoring, control, and emergency shutdown systems.

Note: Hydrocarbons covered by this Standard are restricted to natural gas.

1.2  

The scope of this Standard is shown in Figure 1.

1.3  

This Standard does not apply to

(a)   underground storage facilities for gases or fluids other than hydrocarbons, such as storage facilities used for air storage, unless these fluids are used specifically for the displacement of stored hydrocarbons;

(b)   underground storage facilities used for storing substances other than hydrocarbons, such as reaction chambers and waste disposal facilities;

(c)   underground storage in overburden materials involving the use of tanks, such as gasoline tanks;

(d)   design and fabrication of pressure vessels that are covered by pressure vessel codes;

(e)   heat exchangers, pumps, compressors, and piping in processing plant facilities, manufacturing plants, or industrial plants that are covered by appropriate codes;

(f)    gathering lines, flow lines, metering, compressors, and associated surface equipment beyond the first emergency shutdown valve (ESV) or block valve; and

(g)   storage of hydrocarbons containing hydrogen sulphide in concentrations greater than 10 mol/kmol.

1.4  

It is not the intent of this Standard to prevent the development of new equipment or practices, nor to prescribe how such innovations should be handled.

1.5  

Where the requirements of this Standard differ from the requirements of other standards or codes referenced herein, the requirements of this Standard take precedence.

1.6  

The requirements of this Standard do not apply retroactively to existing installations and installations under construction at the time of publication, but they do apply to the extension, replacement, maintenance, and upgrading of such installations.

1.7  

In CSA Standards, “shall” is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the standard; “should” is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; “may” is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the standard; and “can” is used to express possibility or capability.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

Categories: Energy
Contact: jovan.cheema@csagroup.org
Origin: CSA
Close date: Mar 27, 2017
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1 Scope

1.1 General

This Standard specifies a test method for calculating the energy performance of external power supplies (EPS) across a full range of load conditions. It covers single-voltage and multiple-voltage external ac-dc and ac-ac power supplies.

Note: External power supplies are designed to convert line voltage ac into the low-voltage output (ac or dc) typically

required by laptop computers, cordless and cellular phones, portable stereos, etc. EPS are contained in a separate housing from the product they are powering.

 

1.2 Purpose

 

The test method specified in this Standard is intended to complement the methodology contained in

CSA C381.2 Test method for determining the energy performance of battery-charging systems. This Standard and CSA C381.2 define two classifications of products for the purpose of energy-efficiency testing; products within the scope of CSA C381.2 are not intended to be tested by this Standard. Annex B provides information on determining the appropriate test method (CSA C381.1 or CSA C381.2) for measuring a product’s energy efficiency.

 

1.3 Exclusions

a) Dc-dc voltage conversion equipment, such as dc-dc converters, are not included in this

Standard, except to the extent that such circuitry is found within a power supply.  

 

b)  A medical device as defined in section 1 of the Canadian Medical Devices regulations

 

c) A direct operation, AC-DC external power supply with nameplate output voltage less than 3 volts and nameplate output current greater than or equal to 1,000 milliamps that charges the battery of a product that is fully or primarily motor operated are not covered by this standard.

 

d) Indirect operation non-Class A external power supplies

 

 NOTE:  These products may be covered by C381.2

 

 

 

 

 

1.4 Terminology

In CSA Standards, “shall” is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to

satisfy in order to comply with the standard; “should” is used to express a recommendation or that which

is advised but not required; “may” is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the

limits of the standard; and “can” is used to express possibility or capability. Notes accompanying clauses

do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is

to separate from the text explanatory or informative material. Notes to tables and figures are considered

part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements. Annexes are designated normative

(mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

Categories: Energy
Contact: jovan.cheema@csagroup.org
Origin: CSA
Close date: Mar 27, 2017
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1 Scope

1.1 General

 

This Standard covers the test requirements used to measure battery charger energy consumption for battery chargers intended to be operated from 115 V ac, 60 Hz line voltage connected by plug to wall receptacles or existing dc sources (such as automotive power jacks or USB ports). Uninterruptible power supplies that utilize the standardized National Electrical Manufacturer Association (NEMA) plug, 1-15P or 5-15P, as specified in ANSI/NEMA WD 6-2016 and have an AC output are included in the scope.

 

 

1.2 Purpose

The test method specified in this Standard is intended to complement the methodology contained in CSA C381.1 Energy performance of external ac-dc and ac-ac power supplies. This Standard and CSA C381.1 define two classifications of products for the purpose of energy-performance testing; products within the scope of CSA C381.1 are not intended to be tested by this Standard. Annex B specifies requirements for determining the appropriate test method (CSA C381.1

or CSA C381.2) for measuring a product’s energy performance.

 

1.3 Exclusions

a) A medical device as defined in section 1 of the Canadian Medical Devices regulations

b) Back-up battery chargers

c) DC output UPS

 

1.4 Terminology

In this Standard, “shall” is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the standard; “should” is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; “may” is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the standard. Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material. Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

Categories: Energy
Contact: iris.monner@csagroup.org
Origin:
Close date: Apr 4, 2017
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1 Scope

1.1

This Standard applies to the

a) design;

b) location;

c) construction;

d) operation; and

e) maintenance

of facilities for the liquefaction of natural gas and facilities for the storage, vaporization, transfer, handling, and truck transport of LNG. It also contains requirements for the training of personnel.

1.2

For facilities that load or unload LNG from a marine vessel, this Standard contains requirements for the interconnecting piping between the loading/unloading arm flange and the storage tank(s), and other piping and appurtenances on the pier or jetty itself.

1.3

This Standard applies to all containers for the storage of LNG, including those with insulation systems applying a vacuum.

1.4

This Standard does not apply to frozen ground containers.

1.5

1.5  This standard applies to LNG facilities in the following categories: 

1.5.1 The requirements for small LNG facilities (see the definition of small facility in Clause 3) are given in Annex B (mandatory).

1.5.2 Mobile and portable LNG equipment used on a temporary or permanent basis are covered in Annex B.

1.5.3 Guidelines for LNG vehicle fuelling stations employed for fleet and public LNG vehicle fuel dispensing operations are given in Annex D.  (See the definition of "fuelling station” in Clause D.2 of Annex D.) This Standard includes non-mandatory guidelines for

a) small LNG facilities (see the definition of “small facility” in Clause 3 and see Annex B); and

b) LNG vehicle fuelling stations employed for fleet and public LNG vehicle fuel dispensing operations (see the definition of "fuelling station” in Clause D.2 and see Annex D).

1.6

This Standard does not apply to the following:

a) the transportation of refrigerants by any means;

b) the transportation of LNG by railcar or marine vessel;

c) the transportation of LNG or regasified LNG by pipeline beyond the facility boundary, except as specified in Clause 1.2; and

d) facilities designed to allow the use of LNG as a fuel for railroad locomotives, or marine vessels.

1.7

All references to pressure throughout this Standard refer to gauge pressures unless otherwise specified.

1.8

All pipe sizes refer to nominal pipe sizes (NPS).

1.9

The values given in SI units are the units of record for the purposes of this Standard. The values given in parentheses are for information and comparison only.

1.10

In this Standard, “shall” is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the standard; “should” is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and “may” is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (nonmandatory) to define their application.

Categories: Energy
Contact: lorraine.mccourt@csagroup.org
Origin:
Close date: Apr 7, 2017
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1 Scope

1.1

This Standard applies to newly produced vented gas fireplace heaters (see Clause 3, Definitions), hereinafter referred to as appliance(s), constructed entirely of new, unused parts and materials, and having input ratings up to and including 400,000 Btu/hr (117 228 W):

a) for use with natural gas;

b) for use with propane;

c) direct vent appliances for manufactured home (USA only) or mobile home OEM installation convertible for use with natural gas and propane when provision is made for simple conversion from one gas to the other [see Clause 4.1.4a) and (b)];

d) direct vent appliances for manufactured home (USA only) or mobile home aftermarket installation for use with natural gas only or propane gas only [see Clause 4.1.4b)];

e) direct vent appliances for recreational vehicle installation for use with propane gas only [see Clause 4.1.4c)];

f) direct vent appliances for recreational vehicle installation only convertible for use with natural gas and propane gas when provision is made for the simple conversion from one gas to the other [see Clause 4.1.4c)]; and

g) for direct vent appliances for manufactured home (USA only) or mobile home OEM installation for use with propane gas only [see Clause 4.1.4a)].

The construction of vented gas fireplace heaters and vented gas fireplace heaters with cooling units for use with the above-mentioned gases is covered under Clause 4, Construction.

The performance of vented gas fireplace heaters and vented gas fireplace heaters with cooling units for use with the above-mentioned gases is covered under Clause 5, Performance.

Δ 1.2

All vented gas fireplace heaters shall conform to the applicable requirements in Clauses 4 and 5. In addition, for requirements specific to vented condensing gas fireplace heaters also see2 Clause 6, Vented condensing gas fireplace heaters (construction) and Clause 7, Vented condensing gas fireplace heaters (performance).22

1.2

Annex A, Automatic intermittent pilot ignition systems for field installation, includes provisions for newly produced (optional) automatic intermittent pilot ignition systems (see Clause 3, Definitions), constructed entirely of new, unused parts and materials, to be adapted in the field to an appliance equipped with an existing continuous pilot burner and which has been examined and tested for compliance with this Standard when installed on the appliance.

1.3

If a value for measurement given in this standard is followed by an equivalent value in other units, the first stated value is to be regarded as the specification.

1.4

All references to “psi” throughout this Standard are to be considered gauge pressures, unless otherwise specified.

1.5

Clause 7, Items unique to the United States, contains provisions that are unique to the United States.

1.6

Clause 8, Items unique to Canada, contains provisions that are unique to Canada.

1.7

This Standard also applies to appliances with draft hoods that are factory-equipped with automatic vent damper devices (see Clause 3, Definitions), hereinafter referred to as vent damper devices.

1.8

Special construction provisions applicable to vented gas fireplace heaters designed for use with an optional design-certified conversion kit are outlined under Annex B, Provisions for listed gas appliance conversion kits (optional).

1.9

Clause 2, Reference publications, contains a list of standards specifically referenced in this Standard and sources from which they may be obtained.

1.10

In this Standard, “shall” is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user shall satisfy in order to comply with the standard; “should” is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and “may” is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

Categories: Energy
Contact: lorraine.mccourt@csagroup.org
Origin:
Close date: Apr 7, 2017
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1 Scope

1.1

This Standard applies to newly produced vented decorative gas appliances (see Clause 3, Definitions), hereinafter referred to as appliances, constructed entirely of new, unused parts and materials and having input ratings up to and including 400,000 Btu/hr (117 228 W).

These appliances are for:

a)  use with natural gas;

b)  use with propane;

c) direct vent gas appliances for manufactured home (USA only) or mobile home OEM installation or aftermarket installation convertible for use with natural gas and propane gas when provision is made for the simple conversion from one gas to the other (see Clauses 4.1.22 and 4.1.23);

d) direct vent gas appliances for manufactured home (USA only) or mobile home aftermarket installation for use with natural gas only or propane gas only (see Clause 4.1.23); and

e) direct vent gas appliances for manufactured home (USA only) or mobile home OEM installation for use with propane gas only (see Clause 4.1.22).

The construction of vented decorative gas appliances for use with the above mentioned gases is covered under Clause 4, Construction.

The performance of vented decorative gas appliances for use with the above mentioned gases is covered under Clause 5, Performance.

1.2

These appliances are not:

a) for use with a thermostat;

b) a source of heat; and

c) for use with solid fuels.

Δ 1.3

Annex H, Automatic intermittent pilot ignition systems and on demand pilot ignition systems for field installation, includes provisions for newly produced (optional) automatic intermittent pilot ignition systems and on demand pilot ignition systems (see Clause 3, Definitions), constructed entirely of new, unused parts and materials to be adapted in the field to an appliance equipped with an existing continuous pilot burner and which have been examined and tested for compliance with this Standard when installed on the appliance.

1.4

If a value for measurement given in this Standard is followed by an equivalent value in other units; the first stated value is the specification.

1.5

Clause 2, Reference publications, contains a list of standards specifically referenced in this Standard and sources from which they may be obtained. It is the responsibility of the user of this Standard to determine which referenced standard applies based on the requirements of the Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) for the location of installation.

1.6

This Standard also applies to appliances with draft hoods that are factory equipped with automatic vent damper devices (see Clause 3, Definitions), hereinafter referred to as vent damper devices.

Δ 1.7

This Standard does not cover appliances equipped with continuous ignition sources.

1.8

All references to “psi” throughout this Standard are to be considered gauge pressure unless otherwise specified.

1.9

Special construction provisions applicable to vented decorative gas appliances designed for use with an optional design-certified conversion kit are outlined under Annex A, Provisions for listed gas appliance conversion kits (optional).

1.10

In this Standard, “shall” is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user shall satisfy in order to comply with the standard; “should” is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and “may” is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

Categories: Energy
Contact: sara.marxen@csagroup.org
Origin: CSA
Close date: Apr 9, 2017
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This Standard details the performance requirements for temperature compensation control used to prevent compressed natural gas (CNG) dispensing systems from exceeding a safe fill level of vehicle fuel storage container(s).